Artificial Sweeteners are synthetic sweeteners.There are many varieties, each with different uses and limitations. Most of them are hundreds of times sweeter than sugar. It is therefore used in very small quantities and makes drinks or foods low in energy. Currently, for some products that contain less than 0.5 grams of sugar, the Food and Drug Administration may allow them to be labeled as zero-calorie or zero-calorie products.
Examples of artificial sweeteners include:
- Aspartame is 180–200 times sweeter than sugar. When heated, it can have a bitter taste. And do not use it in people with phenylketonuria (Phenylketonuria), a type of metabolic disease
- Saccharin is 200–700 times sweeter than sugar and can be slightly bitter.
- Sucralose is 600 times sweeter than water, with a sugar-like flavor. They can often be used in hot food. There is no bad bitter taste.
- Stevioside or sugar, stevia to 150-300 times sweeter than sugar tolerate heat well.
Although artificial sugars do not provide energy or are very low energy. But it should be eaten in proper amount to prevent side effects from use.
The use of sweeteners instead of sugar in people with diabetes.
People with diabetes are people who need to control the blood sugar level at the appropriate level. The intake of sugars and starches in the carbohydrate group can affect blood sugar levels, so to limit their intake of nutrients, some diabetics may choose to use a sweetener instead of low-calorie sugars. In cooking to reduce the amount of sugar that ca obtain. This may improve blood sugar control and reduce the risk of complications caused by hyperglycemia.